Real Time PCR
Denovo Biotechnology has a variety of Real Time PCR Assay kits for the detection and quantification of human herpes viruses: HSV-1, HSV-2, CMV, EBV, and VZV.
Real Time PCR
Real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), also known as Quantitative PCR (qPCR) is a laboratory technique for detecting, amplifying, and quantifying a specific nucleic acid sequence. There are two methods of detection. In the first method, a dye is added to a standard PCR reaction that fluoresces only when bound to double-stranded DNA. The detection system counts the number of cycles at which the double-stranded product reaches the critical threshold at which the fluorescence can be detected. This is a simple technique, but the disadvantage is that the dye can bind to any double-stranded product, which may give inaccurate results if the primers bind to alternative sequences.
The second method consists of PCR using the standard forward and reverse PCR primers, and a third primer-probe that binds to a sequence in between the other two. This primer has a fluorescent probe attached to the 5’ end, and a quenching agent attached to the 3’ end. No signal is produced from the probe due to the proximity of the quenching agent to the fluorophore. However, when the probe binds to its target sequence during PCR, the 5'-3'-exonuclease activity of the Taq polymerase will release both fluorophore and quencher, resulting in a fluorescent signal. The real-time PCR detection system measures the Cycle Threshold (Ct) at which there is sufficient fluorescence to be detected.
Denovo Biotechnology's 2x Hot Start PCR Master Mix is a ready-to-use solution for PCR and quantitative PCR (qPCR). It contains Taq DNA polymerase, dNTPs, and Taq buffer. It also contains an aptamer that inhibits Taq polymerase activity at low temperatures, so that the reaction can be set up at room temperature. This mixture is validated for qPCR and for PCR templates up to 5 kb.
This kit is recommended for use with Denovo Biotechnology's 20x probe-primer mixes for real time PCR.